The Institute of Statistical, Social and Economic Research (ISSER) said the country has resorted to external borrowing because it has consistently under-achieved its revenue targets.
ISSER stated that government had borrowed about GHC50billion over the past years, including bail out loans, adding that, if the situation is not checked, it would lead to high interest payments which would affect the fiscal space left for capital spending.
Professor Peter Quartey, the Head of Economics Division, ISSER at a press briefing in Accra on the 2019 budget, said the real Gross Domestic Product growth as at September 2018 was below target although December 2018 estimates may show a higher growth rate.
He said fiscal deficit based on both rebased and non-rebased were within target even though the revenue targets were missed.
Prof Quartey said the exchange rate depreciation for September 2018 was 7.5 per cent compared to 4.5 per cent rate of depreciation against the dollar recorded in 2017, adding that the situation had serious implication on import duties, the cost of doing business as well as the general cost of living.
Touching on the fiscal sector, the Professor said the overall fiscal deficit was expected to increase by 4.2 per cent in 2019 and that this would be on account of an expected increase in expenditure over revenue.
He said expenditure was expected to increase from 19.4 per cent to 21.3 per cent of GDP between 2018 and 2019, while revenues would increase from 15.7 per cent to 17.1 per cent over the same period.
Prof Quartey stated that the nominal public debt stock as at September ending was GH¢ 70.8billion, comprising external debt of GH¢86.6billion and domestic debt of GH¢84.2billion, explaining that the figure includes about GH¢7.9billion bailout bonds.
Focusing on the monetary and financial sector, Prof Quartey said both the monetary policy rate and the Bank of Ghana reference rate showed a downward trend in 2018 with the MPR declining to 17 per cent.
He said the money market rates responded to the decline in the policy rate with all the Treasury bill rates declining except the 91-day rate which firmed up marginally.
He recommended to government to continue their efforts to improve on the country’s NTEs and an aggressive industrialisation agenda as well as add value to the primary raw materials exports.
He encouraged government to promote non-traditional exports because agriculture growth had been positive and rising, and that, the planting for food and jobs programme should promote more irrigation and encourage private sector participation.
Prof Quartey said the 2019 budget had ambitious programmes and targets, which aims to transform the country but its outcome depends on how government, was able to address the domestic revenue mobilisation challenges.